Chronic pain can be very difficult to manage in many patients. Many of the traditional oral drugs used for pain treatment, such as opioids, NSAIDs, and anticonvulsants, can have unwanted systemic side effects. These classes of medications, among others, can be just as effective in managing pain when used topically. Using a multimodal approach to treating symptoms of chronic pain has also been shown to be efficacious and can be achieved via compound pharmaceuticals using a topical formulation.
Classes of medications that can be used topically include: NSAIDs, Alpha II Agonists, AMPA-Na+ Channel Blockers, GABA Agonists, NMDA-Ca2+ Channel Blockers, Tricyclic Antidepressants.
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Arnstein PM. The future of topical analgesics. Postgrad Med. 2013;125(4 Suppl 1):34-41.
Argoff CE. Topical analgesics in the management of acute and chronic pain. Introduction. Postgrad Med. 2013;125(4 Suppl 1):3-6.